Tupolev Tu-160 Strategic Bomber Speed, Specifications, Cockpit, Rate.Tupolev Tu-160 (NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic strategic bomber produced by the joint research firm and also the Tupolev Moscow aircraft facility and also the Kazan-Gorbunov Airplane Manufacturing Association in Tatarstan from 1980 to 1992. The Tu-160 trip examination was finished in December 1981 and also started operations in April 1987. Production has actually returned to as well as a Tu-160 was sent out to the Russian Air Force in Might 2000. About 35 aircraft were developed out of which just 16 remained in service in Russia.
The Tu-160 is assigned as White Swan because of its maneuverability as well as anti-flash white coating. The purpose of this airplane is the distribution of nuclear as well as conventional tools deep within the theaters of continental operations. This airplane can operating in all climate, day and night and also can run in all geographical latitudes. The modern-day version of the Tu-160M2 is furnished with the current generation Russian cruise missiles as well as a new engine designed by the Kuznetsov Design Bureau, which is reported to dramatically expand the range of airplane.
Tupolev Tu-160 Engine
The Tupolev Tu-160 is powered by four Kuznetsov NK-321 turbofan engines, each of which provides a maximum thrust of 25,000 kg. The engine is placed on 2 items under the shoulder of the wing. Air consumption incorporates vertical pieces that can be changed.
The bomber has a refueling system in flight. In the non-operational setting, the refueling probe is pulled right into the nose of the aircraft before the pilot cabin. The gas capability of the aircraft is 160,000 kg.
The maximum speed as well as cruise ship speed of the Tupolev Tu-160 are 2,220 km/ h and 960 km/ h, specifically. This airplane can ride at a rate of 70 m/ sec. The airplane’s range is 12,300 km. The combat distance is 7,300 km. Service ceiling is 16,000 m. Tu-160 has a trip endurance of 15 hours.
Tupolev Tu-160 Specifications
The Tu-160 bomber airframe has a distinctive look, with the wings and also body progressively being integrated right into a one-part arrangement. The fuselage structure is based on titanium light beams, twisted boxes all of which are welded. Throughout the entire body, all major fuselage members are secured to titanium beams.
The conical wings outside variable geometry sweep back from 20 ° to 65 ° to give high-performance trip qualities at supersonic and also subsonic rates. Tail surfaces, straight as well as vertical, all intact and all relocating.
The Tu-160 makes use of fly-by-wire control. The airplane is equipped with a three-strut landing equipment, tail wheel and also parachute brake. It can strike calculated targets with nuclear as well as traditional weapons in the theater of continental operations. For take-off, the aircraft requires a 3,050 m concrete runway. The aircraft weighs around 110,000 kg and also its optimum take-off weight is 275,000 kg.
Tupolev Tu-160 Weapons
Tu-160 bombing planes can bring nuclear as well as standard weapons including long-range nuclear rockets. The rockets are housed in multi-station launchers in each of both arms bays. Additionally, the Tu-160 can likewise be armed with a critical cruise missile Kh-55MS, which is known in the West by NATO classification and the US code word Kent. Approximately 12 Kh-55MS projectiles can be brought, six in each bay. The Kh-55MS is driven by a turbofan engine. The maximum distance is 3,000 kilometres, and also armed with 200 kt nuclear warheads.
The bay of weapons is additionally geared up with a launcher for the Kh-15P, which has the name NATO and code name AS-16 Kickback. The Kh-15P Kickback has strong rocket fuel propulsion, which offers a variety of approximately 200 km. The kickback can be fitted with standard 250kg warheads or nuclear warheads. This aircraft is additionally efficient in bring numerous air bombs with a total weight of as much as 40 bunches.
Tupolev Tu-160 Cabin and also Avionics
The Tu-160 cockpit can suit 4 crew members, consisting of a pilot, co-pilot, a navigator and an operator. All four crews are furnished with zero/ zero ejection seats, which gives the crew the option to securely release all degrees of altitude and also airspeed, including when the aircraft is parked. All trip information exist on traditional electro-mechanical indicators and also displays, as well as not head-up screens or cathode ray tube display screens.
Tu-160 flight control is accomplished with a control stick as used in boxer aircraft, not a control wheel or yoke typically utilized on big transportation aircraft or bombing planes.
The Tu-160 avionics system includes an intending navigating system, incorporated trip navigating and also control, with navigating as well as strike radars, a digital countermeasure system, and also automated control. So that makes this bombing plane extremely digital.
Tupolev Tu-160 Rate
The cost of the Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack Strategic Bomber is around US $ 70 Million. Russian Head Of State Vladimir Putin through the Ministry of Defense awarded Tupolev an agreement to acquire 50 devices of the most up to date Tu-160M2 variation. The cost of this first agreement is 160 billion rubles (virtually United States $ 2.8 billion), and sets the initial Tu-160M2 delivery in 2023. The last bomber delivery on the initial purchase, according to the agreement, is arranged for 2027.