HAL Tejas Cockpit, Specs, Engine, and Price.Tejas is a modern-day single-engine Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) established by Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) for the Indian Air Force (IAF) and also Indian Navy. The Tejas was established as a one-seat competitor for the IAF, and a two-seat fitness instructor aircraft. The Tejas boxer is produced to replace the MiG series currently run by the IAF.
The initial LCA Demonstrator I airplane made its very first trip in January 2001, with LCA Demonstrator II flying in June 2002. The first trip of the manufacturing variation of the Tejas was carried out in April 2007, adhered to by the fitness instructor variation first trip in November 2009.
In October 2014, the initial collection production Tejas (SP1) effectively completed its first trip and also was handed over to the Indian Flying Force in January 2015. The second collection manufacturing aircraft (SP2) effectively finished its initial trip in March 2016.
HAL Tejas Engine
The Tejas is powered by a General Electric F404-GE-IN20 turbofan engine with full authority digital engine control. The engine is rated to provide 53.9 kN completely dry drive and also 85 kN drive with afterburn. The gas tank is incorporated into the body as well as wings, and an additional 800 litre and 1,200 litre gas container can be set up under the fuselage to expand its array. An in-flight refueling probe was additionally installed on the right side to further broaden the variety and durability of the Tejas.
The Tejas competitor has a maximum speed of 2,205 km/ h and also a maximum elevation of 15,200 m. The distance of the aircraft is 3,000 km. The service ceiling is 16,500 m as well as the weight is around 5,450 kg, with a maximum take-off weight of 13,500 kg.
HAL Tejas Specs
Tejas has a compound delta wing planform to attain weight decrease. The extremely versatile wing layout, combined with the mixed wing body, gives high performance and also ability to move has actually been boosted by integral aerodynamic instability. This layout enables the aircraft to be incorporated with air-to-surface and anti-ship tools for multirole and multimission capacities. Naval variants will certainly have added attributes to reduce the landing rate of the carrier and are outfitted with maintaining hooks for deck recuperation.
The Tejas body is constructed from lightweight construction materials, including light weight aluminum, lithium and titanium alloys, as well as carbon compounds. The wing framework consists of components as well as composite ribs with carbon fiber enhanced plastic skin. The body has slim walls as well as integrally stiff frameworks, which are made to sustain internal tension without tensing debonding. It includes complex forms and also contours and also is developed making use of essential structures on a large scale.
The Tejas competitor airplane is furnished with a retractable hydraulic tricycle-type landing gear established by HAL, which pictures two single main wheels, which pull in as well as two-wheel gears that can be drawn onward and can be pulled back. Titanium fifty percent alloy tubes are made use of for hydraulic power transmission.
HAL Tejas Radar
The innovative multimode radar (MMR) track-while-scan attribute that is integrated in the Tejas aircraft, allows the aircraft to track multiple targets at the same time. It additionally offers ground mapping and also capturing ability.
The sensor suite supplies threat discovery, and reduced aesthetic trademarks that help the aircraft job much better in a closed air battle environment. LCA can also be furnished with added sensors for assistance, navigating and also reconnaissance purposes.
HAL Tejas Weapons
The Tejas fighter has seven difficult factors for carrying different kinds of tools, such as air-to-air missiles, anti-ship rockets, guided rockets and also standard/ backwards bombs. The choice of three hard points under each wing and also one under the body permits the airplane to bring numerous rockets, bombs and rockets.
Air-to-air missiles consist of Astra BVRAAM, Vympel R-77 and also R-73. Air-to-surface rockets are Kh-59ME TV guided projectiles and Kh-59MK assisted laser led missiles. The GSh-23 23mm twin-barrel cannon was also installed on the airplane.
High maneuverability as well as boosted taking care of capability integrated with sophisticated cabin, electronic avionics, and weapons system interface (WSI) give reliable point-and-shoot abilities with fast turnaround times.
HAL Tejas Cabin as well as Avionics
The Tejas glass cockpit is equipped with a head-up display screen (HUD) and two multifunctional screens (MFD), which offer pilots with the required info. HUD presents vital info required in close combat circumstances. Modern avionics systems and effective pilot-vehicle user interfaces are set up in the cockpit. The hands on throttle and stick (HOTAS) idea makes certain the availability of all flight controls throughout negative problems.
Tejas has an integrated electronic avionics collection, configured around the MIL-STD-1553B bus system. 32-bit mission (MC) computer systems can do mission-oriented estimations, flight administration, reconfiguration/ redundancy administration, as well as in-flight system self-tests.
Input from the pilot, inertia and air sensing unit data are moved to the control surface area actuator by means of an electronic flight control computer system (DFCC). The gyro ring-based inertial navigating system (RLG) integrated with the gps (GENERAL PRACTITIONER) offers navigating and also guidance. The electronic warfare collection, which contains electro-magnetic as well as electro-optical receivers as well as jammers, provides soft-kill ability to the aircraft.
HAL Tejas Price as well as Orders
The price of the latest HAL Tejas LCA is around United States $ 40 Million. IAF got 40 Tejas airplane, including 20 Tejas MK1 and 20 Tejas MK2. The very first 20 fighters will certainly be developed according to IOC criteria et cetera will certainly be constructed for FOC setup. The inaugural flight of the Tejas MK2 is performed in 2018. The IAF got 4 Tejas MK1 aircraft in July 2017.
In November 2016, the Indian Protection Acquisition Board (DAC) finished the acquisition of 83 Tejas MK1A variants, bringing the overall number of orders to 123.